40 Antivalues: definition, list and examples


In this article, I will talk about what anti-values are, the similarities or differences they have with values, and present a list of the top 40 anti-values.

Table of contents

Sometimes it is difficult to recognize that in order to live with others it is not only necessary to understand that Apollonian side of each one, but also that censored and repressed part: the Dionysian, that is, the representation of drunkenness, the debauchery of the senses, ecstasy and in this article I approach it from the anti-values: definition, list and examples.

Below we will see what anti-values ​​are, what similarities or differences they have with values ​​and a list of the 40 main anti-values.

Anti-values List

I. What are antivalues?

They are known as behaviors that oppose or represent the antithetical to what is established in ethical values ​​and moral values, which are responsible for regulating and guiding the behavior of people in their context.

Therefore, anti-values ​​correspond to any inadequate and incorrect way of acting according to what is pre-established by the prevailing ideology in the context. 

So then, these negative values ​​go against the rules or everything that is considered correct such as justice, loyalty, gratitude, solidarity and others.

Generally, when anti values ​​are mentioned, something similar happens to when talking about values: there are variations in their definitions.

Each word has a metonymic meaning (for example, the identification of Dionysus with wine. A particular use of the divine name as a metonymy for the drink is common in Greek literature).

The words keep either a metonymic or metaphorical sense, therefore they have incalculable interpretations.

The negative values, in a region or for a certain group, can be considered as a positive characteristic for others (for example, disobedience characterizes heroism in certain situations where there is slavery and submission). 

This ambivalent path that we are forming will characterize the complex dispute about: what is good, and what is bad?, is it a value or is it an anti-value? Or when is it an anti-value, and when is it the opposite?

To clarify a little what I consider to be an anti-value, I think it is necessary to give the following example:

If a person determines that injustice is equivalent to theft, corruption, and partiality, it is possible that his idea of injustice is bounded by experiential metonymies. In other words, if in his or her life he or she has been surrounded by events that exposed him or her to constant outbursts of something he or she thought belonged to him or her, or to a constant lack of opportunity compared to a brother or classmate, this will later determine the meaning of injustice for him or her.

Just like the previous example, many anti values ​​are determined as such by the constant eluding of their signifiers of values ​​– ethical or moral – by others, although some of these metonymies are also introduced in the conception of anti values ​​by the models (fathers) or other factors of its environment.

II. Values and anti-values: comparison

As mentioned above, the comparison between values ​​and anti-values ​​will always depend on this own experience and that experience introduced by others towards one's own psyche.

But, in general, the most used comparison is the one we used at the beginning, and this is the one that most often forms in us from a very early age: everything that characterizes drunkenness, excessiveness, vitality, impulsiveness and overflowing corresponds to anti-values; and the values ​​are represented by harmony, reason, serenity and measure.

III. List of most relevant antivalues

The top 40 anti-values ​​are:

  1. disrespect
  2. misunderstanding
  3. The intolerance
  4. disobedience
  5. The lie
  6. The injustice
  7. negligence
  8. Pride
  9. haughtiness
  10. disloyalty
  11. falsehood
  12. Mockery
  13. lack of manners
  14. The advantages
  15. criticism
  16. indiscretion
  17. The distrust
  18. Treachery
  19. Selfishness
  20. misanthropy
  21. Arrogance
  22. Hatred
  23. The envy
  24. inequality
  25. Infidelity
  26. Laziness
  27. Slavery
  28. dishonesty
  29. The discrimination
  30. The ignorance
  31. the imitation
  32. indifference
  33. The lateness
  34. inequity
  35. The corruption
  36. The arrogance
  37. The partiality
  38. inflexibility
  39. Impunity
  40. ineffectiveness

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IV. Examples of antivalues

Some examples of anti-values ​​are:

1. Intolerance

Intolerance manifests itself, for example, in attitudes of obstinacy and intransigence when a subject is not able to respect others who have beliefs different from theirs, such as religion, opinion, custom and a political inclination that differs from theirs. Thus, intolerance is an anti-value that opposes tolerance and does not approve or allow harmonious relationships in certain social groups.

2. Arrogance

Arrogance is considered as an anti-value by provoking feelings that produce in the subjects an attitude of superiority and advantage over others and, for this reason, they consider that they should be treated differently and receive greater privileges. Arrogant subjects are characterized by being a constant arrogance and haughtiness.

3. Selfishness

This negative value corresponds to those attitudes of an apparent love for oneself, which is characterized by being excessive and individualistic. Selfish subjects care about their own interests without considering that these may affect the interests of others.

4. Slavery

This anti-value corresponds to subjects who take others as objects and properties and thus are put to the realization of the master's demands in order to achieve their own life expectancy. Slavery is characterized by being compulsory and without respecting any type of right.

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